Granite is a very hard igneous or
metamorphic rock with a crystalline appearance. It is formed within
the earth when magma cools down gradually under intense pressure.
Though it has a dense grain and is the hardest stone, it is found in a
variety of colors and textures.
It is used as a building material in flooring and pavements. Black
granite is considered the best for counter tops and kitchen slabs.
Granite can be ground in various shapes though very intricate carving
is not possible. Its luxurious texture and fine polish give it the
grace. Various landscaping figurines of birds and animals, fountains
and bird bath etc can be carved out of the stone.
There are three basic varieties of granite based on their composition
namely Biotite-granite, Hornblende-granite, Tourmaline-granite. The
shade can be hundreds ranging from deep black to green, blue, crème,
yellow and hordes of other granite shades.
Granite quarries exist in Rajasthan, Bangalore, Chickmaglur, Hassan,
Kolar, Mysore, , Bellary Raichur and at many other locations. Granite
is obtained by cutting, digging or blasting the rocks. Granite has to
be dressed, cut and polished appropriately before use.